Together, the two countries have fought Syrian rebels, sidelined the United States from regional diplomacy and embraced each other as bulwarks against the West.
In a meeting Tuesday, Putin and Rouhani are scheduled officially to discuss projects in areas such as energy, infrastructure and technology. Unofficially, however, the talks are likely to be dominated by their tacit alliance in the Middle East.
“The visit shows the importance that Russia has in Iranian foreign policy. For Russia, Iran is one of their most important political allies,” said Mohsen Milani, executive director of the Center for Strategic and Diplomatic Studies at the University of South Florida.
Iran is “playing a key role in Putin’s longer-term strategy to become a major player in the Middle East,” said Milani, who is also the author of “ The Making of Iran’s Islamic Revolution: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic .”
But Iran and Russia, which compete with each other in global energy markets and have publicly sparred over stalled weapons deals, were never traditional allies. For decades, they have been wary of the other’s intentions, and leaders on both sides remain cautious of the growing ties.
Still, the level and scale of the cooperation — including Russia’s use of an Iranian air base for Syrian operations last fall — has been unprecedented, analysts say. The partnership has been driven by the two countries’ shared goals in Syria, where a rebellion has threatened Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, an ally of both Iran and Russia.
“Since the Russians got more heavily involved in Syria, the relationship between Moscow and Tehran has entered a new phase,” said Ellie Geranmayeh, a senior policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations.
When Syria’s revolt began in 2011, the country was host to Russia’s only military base in the Middle East. And for Iran, Syria provided a stable land corridor through which to send arms and cash to the Lebanese Hezbollah.
As the Obama administration weighed intervention to support Syria’s rebels, Iran and Russia stepped up with weapons and manpower to back the regime. Russia provided air cover for Iranian military advisers and proxy forces on the ground. The coordination ended up defeating the rebels in Aleppo — empowering Iran and Russia, along with Turkey, to set up parallel peace talks that cut out the United States.
Iran Briefing | News Press Focus on Human Rights Violation by IRGC, Iran Human Rights
Nov 16, 2016 Comments Off on 11 Arab Nations Accuse Iran of Sponsoring Terrorism
Aug 22, 2016 Comments Off on Russia pulls out warplanes from Iran
Jul 07, 2016 Comments Off on The commander of Ammar Base threated Saudi to collapse
Jun 18, 2016 Comments Off on Iran’s Revolutionary Guards Are Shaping the Future of the Middle East
May 21, 2017 Comments Off on Student Imprisoned For Refusing to Collaborate With Iran’s Intelligence Ministry Denied Medical Care
May 17, 2017 Comments Off on Iran refuses hospital transfer for jailed human rights defender on hunger strike for 40 days
May 16, 2017 Comments Off on As election looms, democracy in Iran is but a mirage under theocracy
May 13, 2017 Comments Off on Intel Report: Iran Refining Nuke Delivery System in Flagrant Violation of Ban
May 10, 2017 Comments Off on IRAN SAYS U.S. AND ALLIES’ MILITARY MOVES IN SYRIA WILL FAIL, AS TROOPS SEEN TRAINING REBELSIRAN SAYS U.S. AND ALLIES’ MILITARY MOVES IN SYRIA WILL FAIL, AS TROOPS SEEN TRAINING REBELS Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javid Zarif has warned the U.S. and its allies against pursuing military action...
May 04, 2017 Comments Off on Top two candidates in Iran election beholden to same masterTop two candidates in Iran election beholden to same master “Iran’s provocative actions threaten the United States, the region and the world,” Secretary of State Rex Tillerson warned in a major speech last...
Jul 14, 2016 Comments Off on Corps’ one hundred thousand of triggered missiles in Lebanon:An official Israel-threatening by CorpsIran Briefing: Since August 7, 1979, when Ayatollah Khomeini declared the last Friday of Ramadhan as “Quds Day”, the Islamic Republic has always tried to hold an imposing ceremony by using state resources as well as requiring people’s involvement. This year’s Quds march had fundamental...