February 26, 2011
Access to internet in Iran is limited. Websites Facebook and Twitter are blocked along with a number of international news sites such as the BBC. Images from inside a Tehran internet cafe. Tehran, Iran. 24/02/2011
Still, with knowledge and software, it is possible to get around the “great firwall of Iran”. But reports suggests that Iranian authorities have gradually become better at filtering the traffic.
In the first few years of the 21st century, Iran experienced a great surge in Internet usage, and, with 20 million people on the Internet, currently has the second highest percentage of its population online in the Middle East, after Israel.
When initially introduced, the Internet services provided by the government within Iran were comparatively open. Many users saw the Internet as an easy way to get around Iran’s strict press laws. A clampdown started with the election of Iranian president Mohammad Khatami, and the start of the 2nd of Khordad reform movement. It worsened with the administration of conservative president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2005. Regime opponents in Iran are said to rely heavily on Web-based communication with the outside world.
Many bloggers, online activists, and technical staff have faced jail terms, harassment and abuse. In November 2006, Iran was one of 13 countries labeled “enemies of the internet” by activist group Reporters Without Borders. In March 2010, it was one of twelve regimes so labeled. Following the 2009 Iranian presidential election, the U.S. Senate ratified a plan to help curb “censorship in the Islamic Republic”. The legislation dubbed the Victims of Iranian Censorship (VOICE) Act was allocated $50 million to fund measures “to counter Iranian government efforts to jam radio, satellite, and Internet-based transmissions.”
Recently, the Iran government required all Iranians to register their web sites in Ministry of art and culture. They also plan to filter all other websites up to March 2007.