On July 5, 2012, Ms. Mansoureh Behkish, a supporter of the “Mothers of Park Laleh” (the “Mourning Mothers” of Iran), also known for fighting against the death penalty, received the text of the Appeals Court’s ruling regarding her appeal against the first instance sentence.
Ms. Behkish had been sentenced on December 25, 2011 to four years and six months of imprisonment by Branch 15 of the Islamic Revolution Court: four years on charges of “assembly and collusion against national security through the establishment of the Mourning Mothers” and six months on charges of “spreading propaganda against the system”.
The appeals court has now combined the two parts of her sentence. As a result, her 6-month imprisonment term has been included in the four-year imprisonment sentence. The appeals court has also suspended three years and six months of the sentence for a period of 5 years, which means she will have to serve those 3.5 years in addition to any new sentence, if convicted on similar charges over the next 5 years.
Consequently, Ms. Behkish is now facing a six-month custodial imprisonment sentence and is at risk of being arrested any time.
The Observatory recalls that on June 12, 2011, Ms. Mansoureh Behkish was arrested by a group of security agents in a street of Tehran. She was released on bail on July 9, 2011. Ms. Behkish has been subjected to interrogations and arbitrary detentions in the past as a result of her human rights activities. She had previously been arrested on August 29, 2008, December 5, 2009 and then on January 9, 2010 together with more than 30 women supporters of the “Mothers of Park Laleh”. On March 17, 2010, she was prevented from travelling to Italy to visit her children and her passport was confiscated. She was then banned from travelling abroad. Ms. Behkish lost six members of her family during the executions and prison massacres that took place in the 1980s and has consistently come under great pressure not to visit their graves or otherwise commemorate them.
The Observatory believes that the sentence against Ms. Ms. Mansoureh Behkish merely aims at intimidating her and impeding her from carrying out her human rights activities. More generally, it also aims at intimidating all human rights defenders in Iran.
The Observatory therefore urges the Iranian authorities to immediately and unconditionally put an end to the judicial harassment of and drop all the charges against Ms. Ms. Mansoureh Behkish and release all human rights defenders arbitrarily detained, and more generally to conform to the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international human rights instruments ratified by Iran.