Together, the two countries have fought Syrian rebels, sidelined the United States from regional diplomacy and embraced each other as bulwarks against the West.
In a meeting Tuesday, Putin and Rouhani are scheduled officially to discuss projects in areas such as energy, infrastructure and technology. Unofficially, however, the talks are likely to be dominated by their tacit alliance in the Middle East.
“The visit shows the importance that Russia has in Iranian foreign policy. For Russia, Iran is one of their most important political allies,” said Mohsen Milani, executive director of the Center for Strategic and Diplomatic Studies at the University of South Florida.
Iran is “playing a key role in Putin’s longer-term strategy to become a major player in the Middle East,” said Milani, who is also the author of “ The Making of Iran’s Islamic Revolution: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic .”
But Iran and Russia, which compete with each other in global energy markets and have publicly sparred over stalled weapons deals, were never traditional allies. For decades, they have been wary of the other’s intentions, and leaders on both sides remain cautious of the growing ties.
Still, the level and scale of the cooperation — including Russia’s use of an Iranian air base for Syrian operations last fall — has been unprecedented, analysts say. The partnership has been driven by the two countries’ shared goals in Syria, where a rebellion has threatened Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, an ally of both Iran and Russia.
“Since the Russians got more heavily involved in Syria, the relationship between Moscow and Tehran has entered a new phase,” said Ellie Geranmayeh, a senior policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations.
When Syria’s revolt began in 2011, the country was host to Russia’s only military base in the Middle East. And for Iran, Syria provided a stable land corridor through which to send arms and cash to the Lebanese Hezbollah.
As the Obama administration weighed intervention to support Syria’s rebels, Iran and Russia stepped up with weapons and manpower to back the regime. Russia provided air cover for Iranian military advisers and proxy forces on the ground. The coordination ended up defeating the rebels in Aleppo — empowering Iran and Russia, along with Turkey, to set up parallel peace talks that cut out the United States.
Iran Briefing | News Press Focus on Human Rights Violation by IRGC, Iran Human Rights
Oct 18, 2020 Comments Off on Bill introduced to Congress aims to stop Hezbollah money laundering
Oct 15, 2020 Comments Off on Saudi-US partnership critical to confronting Iran, Pompeo says after Prince Faisal meeting
Oct 02, 2020 Comments Off on Russia, Iran Expand Military Cooperation Against US and Europe in Gulf
Aug 08, 2020 Comments Off on Iranian Envoy Condoles Lebanese Counterpart in Moscow over Beirut Blast
Oct 24, 2020 Comments Off on Assassination attempt | Unknown assailants attack leader of IRGC-affiliated “Al-Abbas Brigade” in south Deir Ezzor desert
Oct 24, 2020 Comments Off on Iran’s Army, IRGC Joint Aerial Drills End
Oct 23, 2020 Comments Off on US sanctions Iranian ambassador to Iraq
Oct 23, 2020 Comments Off on Deputy Commander: IRGC Surprises Waiting for Aggressors
Oct 23, 2020 Comments Off on US sanctions Iranian ambassador to IraqUS sanctions Iranian ambassador to Iraq US sanctions Iranian ambassador to Iraq The US imposed sanctions Thursday on Iran’s ambassador to Iraq, the Treasury Department said in a statement.
Oct 22, 2020 Comments Off on No more UN embargo on Iran, but no arms sales eitherNo more UN embargo on Iran, but no arms sales either No more UN embargo on Iran, but no arms sales either For all the to-and-fro over the expiration of the UN arms embargo on Iran on Oct. 18, little has changed in...
Feb 10, 2020 Comments Off on Qasem Soleimani, a hero or a terrorist?On 3rd of January a news spread in social media regarding Qasem Soleimani and AbuMahdi Mohandes who has died by a US drone strike near Baghdad Airport and this was the end of their lives. In social media, especially Iranian users, there was a chaotic situation, some called of “the general of...